The World Health Organisation Annual Malaria Report 2018
Cases Recorded in Africa
Cases across the region
Of fatalities were children
under the age of 5 years old
Mosquitoes and malaria
Malaria is a disease caused by parasites which are transmitted by female Anopheles mosquitoes. When an infected mosquito bites a person, the plasmodium parasite is passed on through the mosquitoes saliva.
Although the disease has been eradicated across most of the globe, it is ever prevalent in Africa with 92% of global cases recorded in the WHO Africa Region.
Vector control is the term used for the limiting or eradication of creatures which transmit disease pathogens - in this case, mosquitoes. Vector control has contributed massively to the decrease of malaria in Africa. Insecticides used in crop spraying, indoor residual spraying and bednets have been the most effective vector control methods.
However, mosquito resistance to the insecticides used is increasing - and so are the number of cases of malaria.
Now is the time for new, insecticide-free methods of vector control!